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Treatments for Fibromyalgia (FMS)

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Overview
Alternative Therapies
Cognitive Therapy
Exercise
Low Level Laser
Medications
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Overview of Treatments for Fibromyalgia (FMS)

Participating in clinical trials can give patients access to newly emerging treatments for fibromyalgia and help scientists find a cure. (Also see: Autoimmune Diseases, and Overview of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)
Clinical Trials: Fibromyalgia. A list of current and new clinical trials in the United States on Fibromyolgia. Center Watch.

Alternative Therapies

Fibromyalgia: Moderate Drinking May Ease Symptoms. Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) who drink low or moderate amounts of alcohol have less severe symptoms than nondrinkers, and Mayo Clinic researchers suspect that alcohol's ability to raise γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels might be the reason. Medscape. 03/15/2013.
Massage therapy for fibromyalgia symptoms. In massage therapy of fibromyalgia, we suggest that massage will be painless, its intensity should be increased gradually from session to session, in accordance with patient's symptoms; and the sessions should be performed at least 1–2 times a week. (SpringerLink) L. Kalichman. March 20 2010.

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapies (CBTs) for fibromyalgia. CBTs provided a small incremental benefit over control interventions in reducing pain, negative mood and disability at the end of treatment and at long-term follow-up. PubMed, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2013 Sep 10;9:CD009796.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: A Randomised Trial. Depressive symptoms and the impact of the illness were reduced and maintained in the MBCT group of women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. No significant changes were found in the reduction of intensity of pain. Cognitive Therapy and Research, April 2013.

Exercise

Another Fibromyalgia and Exercise Study. Sigh. I think most people with fibromyalgia get sick of seeing these studies on how exercise makes us better. The latest one has me shaking my head a bit. About.com. 06/11/2013.

Low Level Laser

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to treat fibromyalgia. LLLT provided relief from fibromyalgia symptoms in patients and should be further investigated as a therapeutic tool for management in fibromyalgia. PubMed, Lasers Med Sci, 2014 May 7.

Medications

Longterm Therapeutic Response to Milnacipran Treatment for Fibromyalgia. A European 1-Year Extension Study Following a 3-Month Study Over 1 year, milnacipran 100, 150, and 200 mg/day exhibited sustained and safe therapeutic effects on predominant symptoms of FM. Registered as trial no. NCT00757731 Jaime C. Branco, JRheum. April 1, 2011.
A European Multicenter Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Monotherapy Clinical Trial of Milnacipran in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia (FM). Milnacipran is an effective and safe treatment for pain and other predominant symptoms of FM. J. Branco. Journal of Rheumatology. February 15 2010.

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Peripheral nerve stimulation for fibromyalgia. In this chapter, the authors discuss the possibilities of using greater occipital nerve stimulation as a treatment for fibromyalgia, based on available clinical studies. [This nerve is located on the back of the head just above the neck area.] Plazier M. Prog Neurol Surg. 2011;24:133-46. (Also see: Fibromyalgia Treatments)
 
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