Behçet's Disease

Author: Shelley Ensz. Scleroderma is highly variable. See Types of Scleroderma. Read Disclaimer
Case Reports

Overview: What is Behçet's?

Behcets KaleidoscopeBehçet's is quite likely an autoimmune disease, and a type of vasculitis. It is not contagious. It can cause mouth and genital sores, eye inflammation, arthritis, and even heart problems. It is not curable. It is usually treated with immunosuppressant medications. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Vascular Involvement)

Symptoms and Complications

Procoagulant microparticles are increased in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) but do not define a specific subset of clinical manifestations. Although inactive BD patients had high values of procoagulant MP, they did not differentiate between BD patients with or without thrombosis. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 02/26/2015.

Most Common Symptoms and Signs of Behçet's Disease. Behçet's disease is not contagious; it is not spread from one person to another. The four most common symptoms (as listed) are mouth sores, genital sores, inflammation inside of the eye, and skin problems. American Behçet's Disease Association.

Case Reports

(Case Report) A case study of Neuro-psycho-Behçet's Syndrome presenting with psychotic attack. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of Neuro-Behçet's Syndrome that presents with an acute psychotic attack. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery.

(Case Report) Neuro-Behçet's disease presenting with amnesia and frontal dysfunction. We report a 48-year-old patient with neuro-Behçet's disease who presented with the combination of severe memory impairment and frontal/executive dysfunction. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery.

(Case Report) Behçet's disease (BD) associated with celiac disease (CD): a very rare association. There are common findings between Behçet's disease (BD) and celiac disease (CD); however, association in the same patient is a rarity. We relate the third case in the literature of this overlap in a 40-year-old woman with history of obstipation since her childhood. Ascertaining whether pathogenic mechanisms are common in these two conditions requires further investigation. Rheumatology International. (Also see Celiac Disease)


Behçet's Disease: Causes. Doctor's don't know what causes Behçet's disease. Many believe Behçet's disease is a form of autoimmune disorder. Behçet's disease is likely caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Mayo Clinic.

Serum Growth differentiation factor–15 (GDF–15) level in Behçet's disease: relationships between disease activity and clinical parameters. GDF–15 may play a role in the progression and pathway of Behçet's joint involvement and erythema nodosum that is independent of classic inflammatory response measures. PubMed, Int J Dermatol, 05/21/2016.


Screening and Diagnosis. No tests can determine definitively whether or not you have Behçet's disease. Instead, your doctor relies primarily on your signs and symptoms to diagnose Behçet's disease. Mayo Clinic.


Treatments for Behçet's Disease. There is no cure for Behçet's disease. Treatment typically focuses on reducing discomfort and preventing serious complications. Corticosteroids and other medications that suppress the immune system may be prescribed to treat inflammation. American Behçet's Disease Association.

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