Hello, I am Janey Willis, ISN Guide to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and Type 2 Diabetes is caused by risk factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age, and pregnancy. The majority of diabetics have Type 2. See Disclaimer.
Diabetes is diagnosed with several different types of glucose blood tests. People who are at high risk for diabetes should have an oral glucose tolerance test, which is significantly better than the fasting plasma glucose test for diagnosing prediabetes. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Overview of Diabetes)
How are diabetes and pre-diabetes diagnosed? There are several types of glucose tests used to diagnosis diabetes. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.
Identification of Previously Undiagnosed Diabetes and Prediabetes in the Inpatient Setting Using Risk Factor and Hemoglobin A1C Screening. The presence of certain risk factors such as age and hypertension may be an indication for diabetes screening. PubMed, Ann Pharmacother, 2014 Nov;48(11):1434-9.
The Temporal Relationship Between the Onset of Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Disease (CD): A Study Based on Immunoglobulin A Antitransglutaminase Screening. The presence of antitransglutaminase antibodies should alert pediatricians to the atypical forms of CD. Pediatrics, Vol. 113 No. 5, May . (Also see Celiac Disease)
Glucose: The Test. The blood glucose test is ordered to measure the amount of glucose in the blood right at the time of sample collection. It is used to detect both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and to help diagnose diabetes. LabTestsOnline, 05/15/2015.
Cost-effectiveness of alternative thresholds of the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test to identify the target population for type 2 diabetes prevention in adults aged ≥45 years. Lowering the FPG threshold leads to a greater health benefit of diabetes prevention but reduces the cost-effectiveness. PubMed, Diabetes Care, 2013 Dec;36(12):3992-8.
Associated autoimmune diseases in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk for developing other autoimmune diseases, most commonly autoimmune thyroiditis and celiac disease. PubMed, Autoimmun Rev, 2015 Sep;14(9):781-97. (Also see Thyroid Diseases and Celiac Disease)
Type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmune diseases: screening, diagnostic principles and management. In this clinical review we present current opinions in terms of diagnosis, management and screening in the most common type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmune diseases. PubMed, Med Wieku Rozwoj, 2012 Jan-Mar;16(1):23-34.(Also see Thyroid Diseases)
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