Diagnosis of Diabetes

Janey WillisHello, I am Janey Willis, ISN Guide to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and Type 2 Diabetes is caused by risk factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age, and pregnancy. The majority of diabetics have Type 2. See Disclaimer.

Glucose Tests
Disease Correlations


Diagnosis of Diabetes KaleidoscopeDiabetes is diagnosed with several different types of glucose blood tests. People who are at high risk for diabetes should have an oral glucose tolerance test, which is significantly better than the fasting plasma glucose test for diagnosing prediabetes. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Overview of Diabetes)

How are diabetes and pre-diabetes diagnosed? There are several types of glucose tests used to diagnosis diabetes. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.

Identification of Previously Undiagnosed Diabetes and Prediabetes in the Inpatient Setting Using Risk Factor and Hemoglobin A1C Screening. The presence of certain risk factors such as age and hypertension may be an indication for diabetes screening. PubMed, Ann Pharmacother, 2014 Nov;48(11):1434-9.

Antibodies Tests

The Temporal Relationship Between the Onset of Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Disease (CD): A Study Based on Immunoglobulin A Antitransglutaminase Screening. The presence of antitransglutaminase antibodies should alert pediatricians to the atypical forms of CD. Pediatrics, Vol. 113 No. 5, May [2004]. (Also see Celiac Disease)

Glucose Tests

Glucose: The Test. The blood glucose test is ordered to measure the amount of glucose in the blood right at the time of sample collection. It is used to detect both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and to help diagnose diabetes. LabTestsOnline, 05/15/2015.

Cost-effectiveness of alternative thresholds of the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test to identify the target population for type 2 diabetes prevention in adults aged ≥45 years. Lowering the FPG threshold leads to a greater health benefit of diabetes prevention but reduces the cost-effectiveness. PubMed, Diabetes Care, 2013 Dec;36(12):3992-8.

Disease Correlations

Associated autoimmune diseases in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk for developing other autoimmune diseases, most commonly autoimmune thyroiditis and celiac disease. PubMed, Autoimmun Rev, 2015 Sep;14(9):781-97. (Also see Thyroid Diseases and Celiac Disease)

Type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmune diseases: screening, diagnostic principles and management. In this clinical review we present current opinions in terms of diagnosis, management and screening in the most common type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmune diseases. PubMed, Med Wieku Rozwoj, 2012 Jan-Mar;16(1):23-34.(Also see Thyroid Diseases)

Go to Scleroderma-Diabetes
Most Recent Donors

Winn Schillberg
Reading Voices of Scleroderma Books: Diana Kramer.
Sharing Scleroderma Awareness Bracelets: Deb Martin, Brenda Miller, Vickie Risner.
Thanks to UNITED WAY donors of Central New Mexico and Snohomish County!

In Loving Memory

Patricia Ann Black: Marilyn Currier, Shelley Ensz, Richard Howitt, Gerald and Pat Ivanejko, Juno Beach Condo Association, Keith and Rosalyn Miller, and Elaine Wible.
Gayle Hedlin: Daniel and Joann Pepper and Nancy Smithberg.
Janet Paulmenn: Anonymous, Mary Jo Austin, Shelley Blaser, Susan Book, Dennis and Pat Clayton, Grace Cunha, Cindy Dorio, Michael and Patricia Donahue, Shelley Ensz, Nancy Falkenhagen, Jo Frowde, Alice Gigl, Margaret Hollywood, Karen Khalaf and Family, Susan Kvarantan, Bradley Lawrence, Jillyan Little, Donna Madge, Michele Maxson, Barry and Judith McCabe, John Moffett, My Tribute Foundation, Joan-Marie Permison, John Roberts, Margaret Roof, Maryellen Ryan, Mayalin and Kiralee Murphy, Nancy Settle-Murphy, and Bruce and Elizabeth Winter.


SCLERO.ORG is the world leader for trustworthy research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses, such as pulmonary hypertension. We are a service of the nonprofit International Scleroderma Network (ISN), which is a 501(c)(3) U.S.-based public charitable foundation, established in 2002. Meet Our Team, or Volunteer. Donations may also be mailed to:

International Scleroderma Network (ISN)
7455 France Ave So #266
Edina, MN 55435-4702 USA

Email [email protected] to request our Welcome email, or to report bad links or to update this page content.

TOLL FREE HOTLINE 800-564-7099
Free to U.S. and Canadian Callers. Ask for our Free Info Packet by mail or email!
Scleroderma, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, and related illnesses.
Privacy Policy.

The most important thing in the world to know about scleroderma is!
Donate Now
Copyright 1998-2016, International Scleroderma Network. AKA Scleroderma from A to Z and SCLERO.ORG. All Rights Reserved.