Hello, I am Janey Willis, ISN Guide to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and Type 2 Diabetes is caused by risk factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age, and pregnancy. The majority of diabetics have Type 2. See Disclaimer.
|Diabetes and Hormones
Lifestyle Changes for Type 2 Diabetes
Research is underway for possible ways to prevent Type 1 Diabetes. Preventing Type 2 Diabetes involves lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercise and a healthy diet. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Overview of Diabetes)
Antibody cross-reactivity and the viral aetiology of type 1 diabetes. A prominent hypothesis is that enteroviruses may infect the pancreatic islets and thus be responsible for the islet-specific up-regulation of MHC class I that is commonly observed. J Pathol, 2013 May;230(1):1-3.
Vitamin D Deficiency Linked More Closely to Diabetes than Obesity. Vitamin D deficiency and obesity interact synergistically to heighten the risk of diabetes and other metabolic disorders. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 02/23/2015. (Also see Vitamin D)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for women with type 1 diabetes mellitus. There is a lack of evidence around the use of HRT in women with type 1 diabetes and more studies are required in the area to examine the impact of HRT on glycaemic control and cardiovascular outcomes. Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group, 06/06/2013.
Pre-Diabetes Calls for Lifestyle Changes, Medication. Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes are more common than ever; however, lifestyle changes and medication can help decrease your risk. The Cleveland Clinic.
Diabetes and Your Diet: The Low–Carb Debate. The only thing that really seemed to help people with diabetes was weight loss – and for weight loss, there is no magic diet. New York Times, 09/15/2016.
A Few More Vegetables and a Little Less Meat May Reduce Diabetes Risk. New research shows that eating a few extra servings of healthy plant–based foods each day and slightly reducing animal–based foods like meat and dairy products can significantly lower your risk of Type 2 diabetes. New York Times, 06/16/2016.
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