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Treatments for Fibromyalgia (FMS)

Author: Shelley Ensz. Scleroderma is highly variable. See Types of Scleroderma. Read Disclaimer
Overview
Alternative Therapies
Cognitive Therapy
Exercise
Low Level Laser
Medications
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Overview

Participating in clinical trials can give patients access to newly emerging treatments for fibromyalgia and help scientists find a cure. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases, and Overview of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)

Clinical Trials: Fibromyalgia. A list of current and new clinical trials in the United States on Fibromyolgia. Center Watch.

Predictors for health improvement in patients with fibromyalgia (FM): a 2-year follow-up study. Recently diagnosed FM patients who report fewer physical limitations may experience more improvement in health if they are at work and have a positive attitude towards participating in an offered health-care intervention. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 2015 Jan;34(1):133-41.

Alternative Therapies

Effects of music on pain in patients with fibromyalgia. The effect of music has been found to control pain in fibromyalgia patients and music therapy should be suggested in pain management for fibromyalgia patients as an non-pharmacologic nursing intervention. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 08/06/2015.

Fibromyalgia: Moderate Drinking May Ease Symptoms. Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) who drink low or moderate amounts of alcohol have less severe symptoms than nondrinkers, and Mayo Clinic researchers suspect that alcohol's ability to raise ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels might be the reason. Medscape. 03/15/2013.

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapies (CBTs) for fibromyalgia. CBTs provided a small incremental benefit over control interventions in reducing pain, negative mood and disability at the end of treatment and at long-term follow-up. PubMed, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2013 Sep 10;9:CD009796.

Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: A Randomised Trial. Depressive symptoms and the impact of the illness were reduced and maintained in the MBCT group of women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. No significant changes were found in the reduction of intensity of pain. Cognitive Therapy and Research, April 2013.

Exercise

Another Fibromyalgia and Exercise Study. Sigh. I think most people with fibromyalgia get sick of seeing these studies on how exercise makes us better. The latest one has me shaking my head a bit. About.com. 12/31/2014.

Low Level Laser

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to treat fibromyalgia. LLLT provided relief from fibromyalgia symptoms in patients and should be further investigated as a therapeutic tool for management in fibromyalgia. PubMed, Lasers Med Sci, 2014 May 7.

Medications

How is Fibromyalgia Treated? Three medicines have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat fibromyalgia. These are pregabalin (Lyrica), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and milnacipran (Savella). MedicineNet.

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Pain Management and Nerve Blocks. Nerve blocks are sometimes highly effective in providing temporary relief for muscle and joint pain caused by fibromyalgia.WebMD.

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