Hello, I am Janey Willis, ISN Guide to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and Type 2 Diabetes is caused by risk factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age, and pregnancy. The majority of diabetics have Type 2. See Disclaimer.
|Overview of Diabetes Symptoms
|Pancreas Disease and Diabetes
Diabetes may affect the heart, lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, bone, nervous system, thyroid gland, eyes, and skin. About 25% of diabetics also have symptoms of depression. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Overview of Diabetes)
Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes. The onset of symptoms often appear after a flu-like illness and gradually intensify over the course of a few weeks. Symptoms include frequent urination, quick weight loss despite extreme hunger, blurred vision and extreme fatigue. MayoClinic.
Cannabis tied to serious complications in type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes may be more than twice as likely to develop potentially fatal complications when they use cannabis somewhat regularly, a study suggests. Reuters Health, 11/22/2019.
Diabetes, smoking linked to deposits in brain region tied to memory. People who smoke or have diabetes may be more likely to have calcium deposits in brain regions crucial for memory, a Dutch study suggests. Reuters Health, 06/12/2018.
Diabetes is one of the predominant risk factors of erectile dysfunction (ED).
Glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy are the more frequent eye complications with diabetes.
Diabetes Eye Care. Diabetes can harm your eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in your retina, which is the back part of your eye. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes also increases your risk of having glaucoma, cataracts, and other eye problems. MedLinePlus.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D) and Celiac Disease (CD): Distinct Autoimmune Disorders That Share Common Pathogenic Mechanisms. Immunogenetics and the environment are closely interrelated in the pathogenesis of T1D and CD. PubMed, Horm Res Paediatr, 2019 Oct 8:1-8. (Also see Celiac Disease)
The Gluten-Free Diet: Fad or Necessity? Some smaller studies suggest that patients with both type 1 diabetes and celiac disease may derive benefit in the prevention of some diabetes complications by adopting the gluten–free diet, although the research remains conflicted. PMC, Diabetes Spectr, 2017 May; 30(2): 118–123. (Also see Celiac Disease)
Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke. Having diabetes or prediabetes puts you at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. NDIC.
Frequency of Reduced Left Ventricular (LV) Contractile Efficiency and Discoordinated Myocardial Relaxation in Patients Aged 16 to 21 Years With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Our results suggest that adolescents with DM have LV systolic and diastolic discoordination, providing early evidence of cardiomyopathy despite their young age. PubMed, Am J Cardiol, 2020 Aug 1;128:45-53.
Heart failure (HF) risk in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared to diabetes mellitus (DM) and general medicaid patients. Further investigation into the biologic mechanism of HF among SLE compared to non-SLE and DM patients may shed light on the findings of this study. PubMed, Semin Arthritis Rheum, 06/11/2019. (Also see Symptoms and Complications of Lupus)
Risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease in an incident cohort of people with psoriatic arthritis (PsA): A population–based cohort study. The development of T2D in an incident population of PsA is significantly higher than in psoriasis alone, whereas the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in PsA and psoriasis is similar. Rheumatology, 09/06/2018. (Also see Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis)
Diabetic hepatosclerosis: True clinical entity or ghost disease? Although it seems that DH occurs in patients with type 1 more often than type 2 diabetes mellitus, the true prevalence of this entity still remains unknown. PubMed, Diabetes Metab Syndr, 2017 Dec;11 Suppl 2:S775-S776.
Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Nervous System Healthy. Research has shown that people who kept their blood glucose close to normal were able to lower their risk of nerve damage. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.
Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Pulmonary Function Tests in COPD Patients Pulmonary functions are reduced in DM independent of smoking. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related osteoporosis is associated with incident frailty among patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD): a propensity score-matched cohort study. CKD-related osteoporosis is associated with a higher risk of incident frailty in patients with DKD. PubMed, Osteoporos Int, 02/27/2020. (Also see Osteoporosis)
Preventing Diabetic Kidney Disease. High blood pressure, poor glucose (sugar) control, inherited tendency and diet increase the rick of developing diabetic kidney disease. National Kidney Foundation.
Prevalence and type II diabetes–associated factors in psoriatic arthritis. Results suggested that diabetes was notably related to late–onset psoriasis and hypertension and the risk of diabetes ought to be evaluated carefully in subjects whose psoriasis begins after 40 years. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 02/22/2018. (Also see Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis)
Quantifying the Effect of Diabetes on Surgical Hand and Forearm Infections. Diabetes exacerbates the burden of surgical upper–extremity infections and higher risk for amputation. PubMed, J Hand Surg Am, 12/11/2017.
Diabetes: Skin Problems. For people with diabetes, having too much glucose (sugar) in their blood for a long time can cause serious complications, including skin problems. WebMD.
Thyroid Disease and Diabetes. Diabetes and thyroid disease are both endocrine, or hormone, problems. When thyroid disease occurs in someone with diabetes, it can make blood glucose control more difficult. Diabetes Spectrum. (Also see Thyroid Disease)
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