Hello, I am Janey Willis, ISN Guide to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and Type 2 Diabetes is caused by risk factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age, and pregnancy. The majority of diabetics have Type 2. See Disclaimer.
|Overview of Diabetes Symptoms
|Pancreas Disease and Diabetes
Diabetes may affect the heart, lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, bone, nervous system, thyroid gland, eyes, and skin. About 25% of diabetics also have symptoms of depression. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases and Overview of Diabetes)
Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes. The onset of symptoms often appear after a flu-like illness and gradually intensify over the course of a few weeks. Symptoms include frequent urination, quick weight loss despite extreme hunger, blurred vision and extreme fatigue. MayoClinic.
Diabetes, smoking linked to deposits in brain region tied to memory. People who smoke or have diabetes may be more likely to have calcium deposits in brain regions crucial for memory, a Dutch study suggests. Reuters Health, 06/12/2018.
Diabetes is one of the predominant risk factors of erectile dysfunction (ED).
Glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy are the more frequent eye complications with diabetes.
Diabetes Eye Care. Diabetes can harm your eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in your retina, which is the back part of your eye. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes also increases your risk of having glaucoma, cataracts, and other eye problems. MedLinePlus.
Omega 3s Linked to Lower Risk of Diabetes Complications. Eating oily fish may lower a person's risk for diabetes–related vision problems, study suggests. Time Healthland, 08/18/2016.
Type 1 Gluten Free Diet Still Questionable. Recent research has determined that there is a relationship between type 1 diabetes and celiac disease, since both diseases result in the body's immune system mistakenly attacking itself. DiabetesHealth, 01/17/2015. (Also see Celiac Disease)
Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke. Having diabetes or prediabetes puts you at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. NDIC.
Diabetes control tied to heart stent outcomes. For people with type 2 diabetes, maintaining good blood sugar control in the years after receiving a coronary artery stent is associated with a lower risk of heart attack and stroke, according to a recent study. Reuters Health, 04/20/2017.
Hepatic Arteriolosclerosis (HA): A Small-vessel Complication of Diabetes and Hypertension. HA is a small–vessel complication (microangiopathy) of the liver observed mainly in patients with diabetes who also have arterial hypertension. PubMed, American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 06/17/2015.
Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Nervous System Healthy. Research has shown that people who kept their blood glucose close to normal were able to lower their risk of nerve damage. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.
Assessment of pulmonary function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case-control study. Among diabetics, odds of restrictive pattern of lung abnormality is four times that of non-diabetics. ScopeMed, 01/05/2015.
Preventing Diabetic Kidney Disease. High blood pressure, poor glucose (sugar) control, inherited tendency and diet increase the rick of developing diabetic kidney disease. National Kidney Foundation.
Prevalence and type II diabetes–associated factors in psoriatic arthritis. Results suggested that diabetes was notably related to late–onset psoriasis and hypertension and the risk of diabetes ought to be evaluated carefully in subjects whose psoriasis begins after 40 years. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 02/22/2018. (Also see Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis)
Quantifying the Effect of Diabetes on Surgical Hand and Forearm Infections. Diabetes exacerbates the burden of surgical upper–extremity infections and higher risk for amputation. PubMed, J Hand Surg Am, 12/11/2017.
Insulin resistance linked to lower bone density. Decreasing sensitivity to insulin – often associated with obesity and eventual type 2 diabetes – may also cause young adults to have lower bone mass, Korean researchers say. Reuters Health, 07/25/2017.
The role of mineral and bone disorders (MBD) in the development and progression of cardiac and renal pathology in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus of long duration. Development and progression of kidney dysfunction is accompanied by MBD, a significant factor in progression of cardiac pathology, which remains a major cause of mortality in this patient population. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 05/03/2016.
Bone health in type 1 diabetes (T1D): focus on evaluation and treatment in clinical practice. The improvement of glycemic control has been suggested to have a beneficial effect on bone in T1D. PubMed, J Endocrinol Invest, 04/12/2015.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) risk factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA): a systematic review and meta-analysis. RA is associated with increased risk of DM, including T1DM and T2DM. PubMed, Clin Exp Rheumatol, Clin Exp Rheumatol, 2015 Jan-Feb;33(1):115-21. (Also see Rheumatoid Arthritis in Overlap)
Diabetes: Skin Problems. For people with diabetes, having too much glucose (sugar) in their blood for a long time can cause serious complications, including skin problems. WebMD.
Thyroid Disease and Diabetes. Diabetes and thyroid disease are both endocrine, or hormone, problems. When thyroid disease occurs in someone with diabetes, it can make blood glucose control more difficult. Diabetes Spectrum. (Also see Thyroid Disease)
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