Treatments for Fibromyalgia (FMS)

Author: Shelley Ensz. Scleroderma is highly variable. See Types of Scleroderma. Read Disclaimer
Alternative Therapies
Cognitive Therapy
Low Level Laser
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation


Participating in clinical trials can give patients access to newly emerging treatments for fibromyalgia and help scientists find a cure. (Also see Autoimmune Diseases, and Overview of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)

Clinical Trials: Fibromyalgia. A list of current and new clinical trials in the United States on Fibromyolgia. Center Watch.

Predictors for health improvement in patients with fibromyalgia (FM): a 2-year follow-up study. Recently diagnosed FM patients who report fewer physical limitations may experience more improvement in health if they are at work and have a positive attitude towards participating in an offered health-care intervention. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 2015 Jan;34(1):133-41.

Alternative Therapies

A new approach to the improvement of quality of life in fibromyalgia (FMS): a pilot study on the effects of an aquatic Ai Chi program. A water–based Ai Chi program may contribute to the improvement of mental and physical health and the quality of life in women with FMS. PubMed, Int J Rheum Dis, 07/26/2016.

Effects of music on pain in patients with fibromyalgia. The effect of music has been found to control pain in fibromyalgia patients and music therapy should be suggested in pain management for fibromyalgia patients as an non-pharmacologic nursing intervention. PubMed, Clin Rheumatol, 08/06/2015.

Cognitive Therapy

Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: A Randomised Trial. Depressive symptoms and the impact of the illness were reduced and maintained in the MBCT group of women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. No significant changes were found in the reduction of intensity of pain. Cognitive Therapy and Research.


Resistance exercise improves physical fatigue in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Person–centered progressive resistance exercise improved physical fatigue in women with FM when compared to an active control group. Bio Med Central, Arthritis Research & Therapy, 07/30/2016.

Another Fibromyalgia and Exercise Study. Sigh. I think most people with fibromyalgia get sick of seeing these studies on how exercise makes us better. The latest one has me shaking my head a bit. 12/31/2014.

Low Level Laser

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to treat fibromyalgia. LLLT provided relief from fibromyalgia symptoms in patients and should be further investigated as a therapeutic tool for management in fibromyalgia. PubMed, Lasers Med Sci, 2014 May 7.


How is Fibromyalgia Treated? Three medicines have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat fibromyalgia. These are pregabalin (Lyrica), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and milnacipran (Savella). MedicineNet.

Cannabinoids and autoimmune diseases: A systematic review. Cannabinoids are effective as treatment for fibromyalgia and have shown to have anti–fibrotic effect in scleroderma. PubMed, Autoimmun Rev, 2016 Jun;15(6):513-28. (Also see Endocannabinoid System)

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Pain Management and Nerve Blocks. Nerve blocks are sometimes highly effective in providing temporary relief for muscle and joint pain caused by fibromyalgia.WebMD.

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