Graves' Disease. Graves' disease is the most common form of hyperthyroidism, occurring when your immune system mistakenly attacks your thyroid gland and causes it to overproduce the hormone thyroxine. Mayo Clinic.
Symptoms of Graves' Disease. Graves' disease symptoms may include anxiety, irritability, difficulty sleeping, fatigue, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, a fine tremor of your hands or fingers, an increase in prespiration, sensitivity to heat, weight loss, despite normal food intake, brittle hair, enlargement of your thyroid gland (goiter), change in mentraul cycles, or frequent bowel movements. Mayo Clinic.
Risks and Symptoms of Graves' Disease and Hyperthyroidism. The risk factors for development of hyperthyroidism or Graves' disease include personal or family history of thyroid or autoimmune disease, recent pregnancy, and exposure to iodine, among other factors. VeryWell.
Correlation of thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with Graves Disease (GD). This study was designed to explore the association between GD and TSHR and CTLA-4 SNPs. PubMed, Int J Genomics, 2019 Sep 3;2019:6982623.
Diagnosis of Graves' Disease and Hyperthyroidism. Your doctor may suspect that you have Graves' disease simply based on your medical and family history, combined with your symptoms. The next step involves testing your thyroid to discover if it functions as it should, or if you have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. EndocrineWeb.
Treatment of adult Graves' disease. Thyroid surgery for Graves' disease should preferably be performed by an expert team and the various treatment options should be discussed with the patient. PubMed, Ann Endocrinol (Paris), 2018 Dec;79(6):618-635.
Blood tests can mislead in treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency and hypothyroidism. Two of the most commonly performed blood tests can be misleading, resulting in people either being treated for a condition they do not have or, conversely, not being treated for one they do. The Telegraph, 08/22/2017.
Meta–analysis of comparison between minimally invasive video–assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) and conventional thyroidectomy. MIVAT is a feasible, practical, and safe procedure with cosmetic benefit. It is a promising new technique for modern patients, with benefits over the established surgery. PubMed, Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci.
Study on the relationship between hyperthyroidism and vascular endothelial cell damage. Hyperthyroidism can damage the vascular endothelium and is a high-risk factor for cardio-cerebrovascular disease. PubMed, Sci Rep, 2020 Apr 24;10(1):6992. (Also see Vascular Involvement)
Thyroid in pregnancy: From physiology to screening. This review summarizes the current knowledge on physiology of thyroid hormones in pregnancy, causes of maternal thyroid dysfunction and its effects on pregnancy course and fetal development. PubMed, Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci, 2017 Jan 19:1-15.
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