Esophagus: Reflux (Heartburn) and GERD

Author: Shelley Ensz. Scleroderma is highly variable. See Types of Scleroderma. Read Disclaimer
Cough Due to Heartburn
Heartburn, GERD and Scleroderma
About Reflux (Heartburn)
Hiatal Hernia
About GERD
Reflux and Atrial Fibrillation
Reflux and Lung Involvement
Reflux Prevention and Treatments
Personal Stories


Clown holding stomachHeartburn (reflux) is very common in the general population. It can often be managed well with lifestyle changes, such as avoiding carbonated soft drinks. Treatments can include medications and surgery.

Chronic heartburn can cause gastroesophogeal reflux disease (GERD). (Also see Scleroderma Gastrointestinal Involvement, What is Scleroderma?, Types of Scleroderma, and Systemic Sclerosis)

Heartburn or GERD (Gastroesophogeal Reflux Disease)? GERD can develop as a result of chronic heartburn. GERD is associated with more serious complications including stricture (narrowing) of the esophagus or a potentially precancerous condition called Barrett's esophagus. WebMD.

Cough Due to Heartburn

7 Kinds of Coughs and What They Might Mean. While it's impossible to always pinpoint a cough by how it sounds, there are some key differences to give you clues as to what's going on. Time Healthland, 04/18/2015.

Heartburn, GERD, and Scleroderma

Heartburn usually occurs by itself, without any underlying disease. In very rare cases, esophageal problems can be due to systemic sclerosis (scleroderma), which is an autoimmune disease.

Advances in the evaluation and management of esophageal disease of systemic sclerosis (SSc). In addition to reviewing gastroesophageal reflux disease management in patients with SSc, present and potential uses of endoscopy, reflux monitoring, manometry, impedance planimetry, and endoscopic ultrasound are discussed. PubMed, Curr Rheumatol Rep, 2015 Jan;17(1):475.

Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) in Female Patients with Systemic Sclerosis (SSc): Comparison with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Influence of Glucocorticoid (GC) Exposure. SSc-related bone involvement is characterized by an impairment in bone quality in addition to reduced bone quantity, and TBS can identify the negative effect of GC on bone microarchitecture. PubMed, J Rheumatol, 12/01/2014.

About Reflux (Heartburn)

Heartburn (reflux) is the main symptom of Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Heartburn is a painful, burning feeling in the chest, which is caused by stomach acid flowing back into the esophagus (throat). (Source: Columbia Healthcare)

Chest Pain, Chronic Many different types of problems can cause discomfort, shortness of breath, pain with swallowing, and many other symptoms in the chest area. This chart may help you pinpoint your problem as you confirm your symptoms.

About GERD

Nausea and Vomiting Many illnesses can cause stomach pain, nausea and vomiting. Some are mild sicknesses that will pass by themselves, but others are serious and need medical attention.

Bidirectional association between fibromyalgia (FM) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): two population–based retrospective cohort analysis. The present study suggests a bidirectional relationship between FM and GERD and there is a greater risk of developing GERD for patients with FM than developing FM for patients with GERD. PubMed, Pain, 2017 Oct;158(10):1971-1978. (Also see Fibromyalgia)

Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal Hernia. Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm. This condition may cause reflux (backflow) of gastric acid from the stomach into the esophagus. Medline Plus.

Hiatal Hernia. Most hiatal hernias are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally. On rare occasion, a life-threatening complication, such as gastric volvulus or strangulation, may present acutely. Medscape.

Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia. There are two categories of hiatal hernias, sliding or paraesophageal. VeryWell.

Hiatal Hernia Diet Tips. A few quick tips about eating with a hiatal hernia. VeryWell.

Reflux and Atrial Fibrillation

Overlap of symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the general population. GERD, FD and IBS are common conditions in the general population and the overlap between these conditions is also quite common. PubMed, Scand J Gastroenterol, 2015 Feb;50(2):162-9. (Also see Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Scleroderma Heart Involvement)

Reflux and Lung Involvement

Usefulness of pH monitoring in predicting the survival status of patients with scleroderma awaiting lung transplantation. Esophageal pH monitoring could identify those for whom laparoscopic antireflux surgery should be performed quicker to prevent GERD and its detrimental effects in patients awaiting lung transplantation. Journal of Surgical Research, 03/17/2014. (Also see Lung Transplants)

Reflux Prevention and Treatments

Reflux Prevention and Treatments . Heartburn (reflux) is very common in the general population. It can often be managed well with lifestyle changes, such as changing eating habits, sleeping differently, and increasing your activities. ISN

Lifestyle Changes
Reflux and Diet
Reflux and GERD Treatments
Reflux Prevention Forum Discussions

Personal Stories

Scleroderma Personal Stories of Heartburn, Reflux and Esophageal Problems. These are stories about people who are dealing with heartburn (reflux), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or other esophageal problems, caused by systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) and related autoimmune diseases. ISN.

Go to Personal Stories of Heartburn

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