Pulmonary Hypertension Symptoms and Complications

Author: Shelley Ensz. Scleroderma is highly variable. See Types of Scleroderma. Read Disclaimer
Symptoms of PH
Complications of PH


Initially there may be no symptoms of pulmonary hypertension at all.

Later on, symptoms may include shortness of breath, weakness, and/or fatigue on exertion. For example, a person may feel fine sitting in a chair but they might feel weak or short of breath after walking awhile.

As it progresses, people become very tired after only slight activity. Eventually, they may get right-sided heart failure, and die.

However, the course of mild to moderate pulmonary hypertension in scleroderma patients is still largely unknown, and it is possible that it might persist unchanged for long periods of time in some cases.


What are common symptoms of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension? Common early symptoms include breathlessness or shortness of breath (particularly on exertion), chronic fatigue, dizziness (especially when walking upstairs or when standing up), fainting, swollen ankles and legs, and chest pain (especially during physical activity). Actelion Pharmaceuticals.

Shortness of Breath This worrisome symptom has many acute and chronic causes. Follow this flowchart for more information about the diseases in which shortness of breath occurs.


Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) for the treatment of haemoptysis in pulmonary hypertension (PH). In PH–associated haemoptysis, BAE provides higher survival rate for subjects with PH associated with congenital heart disease. PubMed, Radiol Med, 12/26/2016.

Depression in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): An undertreated comorbidity. The aim of this article is to review the current thought process about diagnosis and management of depression in PAH patients. PubMed, Lung India, 2016 Jan-Feb;33(1):58-63. (Also see Depression)

Go to Pulmonary Hypertension Treatments

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